Vertical City / chapter 5
Firstly we define the bioclimatic façade as rhomboid panels, that vary in size and transparency in order to control views and light strategically according to the interior program. Between this rhomboid exterior skin and the interior one (regular glazing) hot air goes up creating air currents that regulate the inner temperature of the building naturally.
The biggest rhombs correspond in size to the modules that contain the spaces of the habitable skin. Every capsule is screwed to a structural joint through a transition element in its base and is also connected to the surrounding capsules so that they work collaboratively and support themselves as a whole.
There are four types of capsules. The basic ones are associated to the sanitary capsules that provide them with bathroom spaces. Double capsules contain their own bathroom and are set in the upper levels where wind pressures are higher as they are more rigid than the basic version.
The construction of the basic capsule is concreted as a post tensioned monocoque made out of epoxy resin reinforced with Kevlar covering a high density polyethylene foam core. The last section is rhomb-shaped and contains the active anchorages of the post tensioned system. Works also as the entry for the electrical system and air conditioning.
The interior is conformed as a single furniture piece that adapts to the minimum dimensions of the capsule ensuring a comfortable space that is protected acoustically and visually from the exterior.
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